ߢ . 1913 .


XX .

- ̳, ߢ, i . 1856 . ̳ . 6- 1874 . , 1912 . , 1913 . ̳. 1922 . ( ) .

̳ , 1887 , 1907 . . - 1912 . , 1913-1926 . , 1926 1946 . i . ̳ - , i , ʳ .

1893 . ̳, ̳ 2- 1916 . 1918 . - . 20-30- . , i , , . , , ̳, ' . ' .

ߢ 糢 1892 ., 1912 . 20- . , ' , .

, 1925 . . ' .

"" 2, 2002 ., 90- . , " " "".